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  • Date of update:2024-01-12
  • Date of inspection:2023-12-18

Early period of professional training

Early period of professional trainingTaiwan is an island surrounded by sea, and severely lacks natural resources. It focuses on export processing and precise machinery as its primary goals for development, rendering the training of technical talent vital. Therefore after the 1950s, the Industrial Vocational Training Association was founded with funding from the UN, which established the ground work for vocational training. The association was nullified after Taiwan’s withdrawal from the UN. In 1972, the Vocational Training Fund Act was founded, which required enterprises to establish a certain proportion of funding for vocational training, but the Act became void due to difficulties.

The founding of the Vocational Training Bureau

The founding of the Vocational Training BureauThe Vocational Training Bureau was founded on March 2nd, 1981. It was originally governed under the Ministry of the Interior, and in charge of vocational training, skill testing, and employment guidance around the country. The Council of Labor Affairs was established on August 1st, 1987 which oversaw administration of workers within the nation. The Vocational Training Bureau was transferred under the Council’s jurisdiction, and established four vocational training centers: Taishan, Northern district, Central district, and Southern district.

Expanding the range of service in order to accommodate the change of time

Expanding the range of service in order to accommodate the change of timeThe early period of ROC’s vocational training policy was about supporting national economic development projects, and focused on the purely economic aspect. After the 1990s, with the transformation of industries and the exportation of traditional industries, issues of structural unemployment began to arise. In order to lessen the impact on minority groups, promotion of social welfare has been added to ROC’s vocational training aims.

Expanding the range of service in order to accommodate the change of timeOn July 1st, 1998, with the adjustment of the tasks and organization of the Taiwan Provincial Government, the original provincial Taoyuan and Tainan vocational training centers and five Employment Service Stations in Keelung, Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, and Kaohsiung were transferred under the governance of the Vocational Training Bureau. Since the 2000s, the organization has combined employment insurance and employment service, and emphasizes employment safety within vocational training. In order to keep up with social development and improve industrial growth, and ensure employment opportunity for ROC’s laborers, foreign laborers were introduced in accord with the Human Resource Complement Act of Executive Yuan in 1989. In 2002, Legislative Yuan passed the Employment Service Law to legalize verification of foreign laborer employment and administrative laws, and evaluated the approval for employing foreigners.

Expanding the range of service in order to accommodate the change of timeMeanwhile, to improve the work skills of minority groups and eliminating employment barriers, constructing a vocational reconstructing service system for the handicapped, and providing them with local service, the original technical evaluation service was transferred to the Central Zone Office of the Council of Labor Affairs under the Executive Yuan on February 1st, 2001. The former Skill Testing Division was appointed to handle employment training service for the handicapped. Its current task was expanded with new services and subsidies, enhancing the initial subsidy service for employers to hire handicapped employees, and developing opportunities for employment for handicapped workers.

The Workforce Development Agency was founded on February 17th, 2014

On January 12th, 2010, Legislative Yuan passed Four Laws for Reconstructing Government Organization after the Third Reading. In order to collaborate with organizational reconstruction of the Executive Yuan, the responsibilities of the former National Youth Commission under the Executive Yuan and Vocational Training Center for Youth was transferred to the Bureau of Employment and Vocational Training, and incorporated into plans for youth employment. On January 9th, 2014, the Legislative Yuan passed the Ministry of Labor and Related Institution Law. BEVT was reorganized into the Ministry of Labor, and the WDA was also established.

In order to integrate utilization of the national labor force, improving and developing new networks, conduct advisory work for national economic development and labor force development, and react to the influence and challenge from the domestic and foreign labor environment, the task of WDA was adjusted as follows:

The Workforce Development Agency was founded on February 17th, 20141.Establish the Working Ability Standards and Skills Examination Division, in order to construct a platform of national competency standards, and lower the difference between sustaining and employing talent, and serve as guidance for school session and educational training.

The Workforce Development Agency was founded on February 17th, 20142.Establish International Labor Force Task Center, which is in charge of approving employers’ requests for foreign labor, and collecting employment subsidies, and simplifies approval for the international labor force.

The Workforce Development Agency was founded on February 17th, 20143.Establish Labor Force Development Innovation Center, which aims to construct a system of knowledge about labor force development and a digital platform, and conducts development of teachers and methods of teaching, in order to create an innovative development strategy for the labor force, enabling Taiwan to evolve into a nurturing base for talent. To inspire the public to participate in the development of the labor force, the former Entrepreneur Phoenix of Welfare Division of Labor Committee under the Executive Yuan and the Versatile Employment Act of the Vocational Training Bureau were merged. It is expected to combine loans for entrepreneurship or innovative subsidies, assisting entrepreneurs in society and training related talent, and providing opportunities for employment.

4.Establish various divisions of the WDA. The former vocational training centers of various areas under the Vocational Training Bureau and employment service centers have been merged to form five level 4 institutions, including Taipei-Keelung-Yilan-Hualien-Kinmen-Matsu Regional Branch, Taoyuan-Hsinchu-Miaoli Regional Branch, Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Branch, Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan Regional Branch, and Kaohsiung-Pingtung-Penghu-Taitung Regional Branch, providing localized employment assistance. The task of managing worker training institutions of the former Entrepreneur Phoenix of Welfare Division of Labor Committee under the Executive Yuan was transferred to Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Branch, and renamed the labor education school, for the purpose of managing vocational training, and serving as a hotel for tourism and business, providing related site services.

5.Establish Skills Evaluation Center as a level 4 institution. The tasks of skills evaluation and international skill competition from Central Zone Office of Committee of Labor under the Executive Yuan have been transferred to WDA, in order to promote and manage nationwide skills evaluation, issuing of technical certificates and administration. Skills evaluation will be merged into labor force development.

WDA is responsible for administrating and conducting vocational training, skills evaluation, employment service, entrepreneurship assistance, skills competitions, and approval of overseas labor force employment. It also plans to promote a national standard for skills, improve the skill standard of the ROC, and increase the opportunity for employment for handicapped. In the future, WDA shall strive for public support, and strengthen government service. It also aims to fully integrate such advantages according to social changes both domestically and internationally, in order to elevate labor value.

Vocational Training Bureau->WDA

1.Taishan Vocational Training Center

   Labor Force Developing Center

2.North Zone Vocational Training Center

3.Taipei-Keelung-Yilan-Hualien-Kinmen-Matsu Regional Employment Service Center

   Taipei-Keelung-Yilan-Hualien-Kinmen-Matsu Regional Branch

4.Taoyuan Vocational Training Center, Youth Vocational Training Center

5.Taoyuan-Hsinchu-Miaoli Reginal Branch, Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Employment Service Center

   Taoyuan-Hsinchu-Miaoli Regional Branch, Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Branch

6.Central Zone Vocational Training Center

7.Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Employment Service Center

   Taichung-Changua-Nantou Regional Branch

8.Tainan Vocational Training Center

9.Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan Regional Employment Service Center

   Yunlin-Chiayi-Tainan Regional Branch

10.South Zone Vocational Training Center

11.Kaohsiung-Pingtung-Penghu-Taitung Regional Employment Service Center

     Kaohsiung-Pingtung-Penghu-Taitung Regional Branch